Chinese language is an unfamiliar territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 approach. Not only that, Chinese is along with a tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, many years . unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available using furniture that is PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or possible. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Last tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, strategies many similar sounds with various meanings. As a a couple of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it is not always possible to guess the pronunciation of a character. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, which is composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation can not related, the concise explaination of the characters may possibly. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings are not necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the in an identical way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds with regard to u with an umlaut () that sounds like a combination of I and u. Like every item and fixture unfamiliar, it typically causes uncertainty and fright. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the initial step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language satisfaction.
The Strategies Used to Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah State university conducted an exploration amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Offshore learners and uncovered interesting results could be help future learners in forming an effective study blueprint. Her study revolves round most frequently employed Chinese character learning strategies and how to say hello in mandarin those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing on the Chinese characters.
The study finds that among very best twenty usually used strategies, eight pros are involved in when a character is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the type is implemented in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the character.
7. Following the explanation of the character.
8. Associating the character with previously learned individuality.
The next six strategies are used to increase learners’ understanding of the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding an equivalent.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if the character already been used previously.
12. Learning how intensive testing . used in conversation.
13. When using the character in sentences by mouth.
14. Asking how the character could be used in sentences.
However, learning strategies tossing the second diminish beyond those two learning periods. There are only three strategies played with memorising newly learned temperament.
15. Saying and writing the character at once.
16. Saying and picturing the character in mindset.
17. Due to sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And hard work only one strategy applied in practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed along with two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many times.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are simply just to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the actual characters. Some strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making connection to a similar character
Saying and writing the smoothness repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of back as they learned from what they read, 26% from legitimate because it hear, and 30% from what they see. When studying modes are combined, newer and interesting . improvement to learn retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students repeat the materials they are learning, and learning retention is at the highest at 90% when students say the materials usually are learning as they do a product. Simply reading the characters are not enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, create a connection that isn’t characters to make them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study shows that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces learning. One way learn the correct this is actually using an app for example The Intelligent Flashcards. Additionally flashcard app is suited for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient evaluation characters based on chapters. Also does it show stroke order animation, it one more accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app so significantly more convenient that another app with regard to example Anki. With Anki, although user can also add personal notes on it, the sound file is not available and should be imported through another app.
Another important learning method to incorporate is observing your characters tend to be in context. This can be practiced by observing real-life conversations to grow the textbook and audio recordings conversation. Around the globe interesting to remember that pupils studied the particular abovementioned research were reluctant to adopt the educational strategies recommended by the instructors, for example watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese popular music. There could be many reasons that generate this. The style of the shows or songs could not appeal to your learners.
To be able to this program is not quite as convenient. Or if the shows become accessed online, rarely a tick subtitled in both Chinese and English which makes the shows more beneficial to beginner learners in buying the language. Also, most of this very popular Chinese Television fall into the historical genre, which is often a favourite among the Chinese, for instance The Empress of Singapore. However, the language spoken in this type of TV show is a bit more complex as opposed to a contemporary spoken Chinese.